According to World Bank data, the arable land area in Chad is at 4.1% as of 2018. It has seen an increase since 1961, which was only at 2.3%.

What is the landmass of Chad?

In Central Africa, on the southernmost tip of the Sahara, sits the landlocked nation of Chad. The entire area of the land is 1,284,000 km² (495,755 mi²). This land area is equivalent to about 185 percent of Texas’ total area. Chad ranks as the 21st-largest country in the world and one of the largest in Africa.

How much of the land of Chad is currently cultivated?

The agricultural potential of the nation is underutilized. Over 5 million hectares of land could be irrigated, droughts may be avoided, and agricultural output might be significantly raised. 

Chad’s land area might be utilized for crop production to one-third with the right infrastructure and assistance. Rather, agricultural productivity is still low, with only 7000 hectares of irrigated farmland and a very unpredictable climate prone to severe droughts.

How do modern people use the land in Chad?

Chad continues to be one of the world’s poorest nations despite receiving considerable oil income, with 80% of its workforce employed in agriculture. 

  • Significant land degradation has resulted from overgrazing, deforestation, unsuitable farming methods, pressure from a rise in human and livestock populations, and other factors.
  • Forests and pasturelands are at risk from open access land-use practices. Rings of desertification and deforestation have developed around population centers as a result of the short-term food production strategy of clearing natural vegetation.
  • Conflicts over land use between pastoralist and agricultural interests have worsened, increasing migration pressure and undermining social cohesion.

The institutions and legal structure in place in Chad to manage its land and other natural resources are insufficient to handle the significant issues mentioned above. No land policy exists in Chad, and government efforts to create fundamental policy tenets seem to be at a standstill. You may view this article for more information and an overview of the country’s situation. 

What is the major land biome in Chad?

Chad’s East Sudanian Savanna ecoregion has tropical and subtropical grasslands, shrublands, and savannas. These major dry and hot biomes are located in East and Central Africa. 

Tall elephant grass and Terminalia trees dominate the shrubbery. Endemism in plants is fairly widespread. The gigantic eland, Masai lion, African leopard, Sudan cheetah, wild dogs, and bush elephant are typical African fauna threatened animals that live in peril. The focus of conservation activities is on firewood gathering and overgrazing. Concern has also been expressed regarding the local rhinoceroses’ disappearance.

How do people in northern Chad adapt to the lack of arable land?

Most Chadians rely on raising livestock and subsistence farming for their livelihood. Most of the northern half of Chad extends to the Sahara Desert. During the rainy season, animals can be pastured on the semi-arid Sahel rangelands in the nation’s north. Pastoralists relocate their herds south when the dry season arrives so they can graze on the remains of the agricultural harvest.