Around 70% of the Bible contains the Old Testament. It covers the creation of the earth, the story of Adam and Eve, and the story of Moses and reaches the chapter of Malachi, which means that it spanned thousands of years.

What is the Old Testament about?

The Old Testament is a set of religious texts written between 1200 and 165 B.C. It is the first part of the Bible, and it begins with the creation of the Earth, continues with Noah and the flood, Moses, and other events, and ends with the expulsion of the Jews to Babylon. 

These texts tell the story of God’s relationship with humanity and describe his commands for how people should live. The Old Testament is important because it provides a historical context for understanding some religious beliefs still practiced today.

The old testament is pretty much the same as the Torah (Hebrew bible), which is the holy book of the Jewish people. Jesus was a Jew and followed the Torah. The Old testament prophecies the coming of the Messiah, who Christians recognise as Jesus.

While Christians accept that Jesus is the Messiah who was predicted by the Torah, the Jews do not and are still waiting on Jesus to arrive.

Who wrote the Old Testament?

It is believed to be written over a period of about 1,500 years by many different authors. Moses is the most well-known writer of the Old Testament. The Hebrew prophet Moses was responsible for leading the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt and directing them across the Red Sea to the Promised Land. Thus, it tells the story of God’s people, the Israelites, and their journey through history.

How many books are in the Old Testament?

The Old Testament is composed of 39 books. It is divided into five sections:

 

Pentateuch (Law of Moses)

Genesis

Exodus

Leviticus

Numbers

Deuteronomy

Historical Writings

Joshua

Judges

Ruth

1 Samuel

2 Samuel

1 Kings

2 Kings

1 Chronicles

2 Chronicles

Ezra

Nehemiah

Esther

Wisdom & Poetry

Job

Psalms

Proverbs

Ecclesiastes

Song of Solomon (Song of Songs)

Major prophets

Isaiah

Jeremiah

Lamentations

Ezekiel

Daniel

Minor prophets

Hosea

Joel

Amos

Obadiah

Jonah

Micah

Nahum

Habakkuk

Zephaniah

Haggai

Zechariah

Malachi

What language was the Old Testament written in?

The Old Testament was written in Hebrew, with a few Aramaic elements. Nowadays, the whole Bible is written in more than 700 languages.

How many laws are in the Old Testament?

There are a total of 613 Jewish commandments in the Old Testament; part of them is the well-known ten commandments. The laws revolve around different aspects of daily life, including family, diet, and personal hygiene. This material contains a full list of the 613 laws.

Who are the patriarchs of the Old Testament?

The patriarchs of the Bible are Abraham, his son Isaac, and Isaac’s son Jacob. These three figures are referred to collectively as the patriarchs, and the period in which they lived is known as the patriarchal age.

How many Messianic prophecies are there in the Old Testament?

There are more than 300 Messianic prophecies in the Old Testament that were fulfilled by Jesus, according to Christians. It is the objective of practicing Christians to be students of God’s Word, and recognize that the New Testament is required in order to understand the Old Testament, and vice versa, in order for them to recognize Messianic prophecies, prophetic types, and shadows within the Old Testament.